Dong Ho Paintings – Cultural Heritage of Vietnam

For a long time, there has been a line of Vietnamese folk art originating from Dong Ho Village, Bac Ninh province known as a quintessence of folklore in Vietnam. Not only is it attractive, unique in color, harmonious in composition and sophisticated in the layout of the painting but it is also made of the completely natural material, which perhaps only has in Vietnam.Unique Dong Ho Paintings

What is Dong Ho painting?

Dong Ho painting, short for Dong Ho folk woodcut painting, is a line of Vietnamese folk painting originating in Dong Ho Village (Bac Ninh province) around the 17th century. This place has a productive land, agricultural development, rich cultural life,…, which becomes a cradle of a rustic painting. Dong Ho painting is one of the most traditional paintings along with Hang Trong painting Ha Noi and Kim Hoang painting in Ha Tay.Meaning of Dong Ho Painting

Themes of Dong Ho

Dong Ho painting is often bought and decorated in Tet holiday. This is an elegant pleasure, a beautiful custom of the Vietnamese, especially in the Northern Delta. Every Lunar New Year, whether the rich or the poor, in addition to Chung cake, fatty meat, pickle, red couplets and traditional paintings are also indispensable things. These colorful folk paintings make the atmosphere cozier and merrily. However, Dong Ho painting is not the illustration of the New Year but it brings the wishes and blessing for a happy and prosperous new year through folk and close symbols.
With the abundance and diversity of style, genre and theme, Dong Ho painting reflect almost everything that happens in the idyllic life of Vietnamese people such as Picking Coconut, Jealously Scene, Herding Buffalo to beautiful dreams or human aspirations for better life such as Chickens, Pigs, Eminence, Prosperity and Honour,… It also contains implication and the reminder about right and wrong things in life and brings an optimistic and affectionate look for the future.Dong Ho Paintings - Vietnam

Unique features of Dong Ho painting

The first unique attraction of Dong Ho painting is the color and paper material. The paper used for printing Dong Ho painting is điệp paper, obtained from dó tree. It has some outstanding features: thin, high-fiber, easy to absorb color and not being blurred out when printing. The powder is made from the heated scallop shell, mashed and then mixed with the glue of glutinous rice, then scanned on paper with a bloom. Due to the elements of seashell and glutinous rice, điệp paper possesses a glamorous sparkling hard background. It can be said in Dong Ho painting, only the shine of the background is enough to make it attractive.
In addition, color printing is also a unique feature in the process of creation. All colors are made from flowers, leaves, fruits, trees in nature such as the black color taken from bamboo charcoal; the yellow color is taken from luscious; the green color taken from indigo leaves,…In that way, a Dong Ho painting can retain its colors for a long time.Dong Ho Folk Paintings

The meaning and philosophy in some Dong Ho paintings

Dong Ho Painting – Picking Coconut Painting (Hung Dua)

The painting expresses the concept of a happy family in a country including a wife, a husband and two children. The husband with the difficult job is to climb up the coconut trees as the mainstay of the family, who have a career and bravely overcome all the challenges. The wife is picking coconut as the rear, who always support her husband when necessary. In the painting, she does not use the hand but the skirt to pick up the coconut, which makes the scene funnier. The children cling to the tree as if they want to share the hard work or to imitate the father overcome all dangers.
The beauty of a happy family is fully expressed in the painting. A family is the fundamental cell of society, in which the husband and the wife always love and help each other. They also have good children who sympathize with the struggles of their parents.Dong Ho Painting - Picking Coconut

Dong Ho Painting – Jealously Scene Painting (Danh Ghen)

Under the feudal system, women must obey the ethical behavior. The painting represents the aspiration and resistance of women under Confucianism. The caricature is expressed in the exaggeration of the shapes and lines in the picture, which creates the humor and the excitement before a family tragedy. With Jealously Scene, we can see the static and dynamic elements are harmoniously combined. The static elements in the painting are a pine tree, bonsai, flower wall. In contrast, the dynamic is two wives pulling each other drastically between the husband the child.Dong Ho Painting - Jealously Scene

Dong Ho Painting – Eminence Painting (Vinh Hoa)

With the chubby cheek of the baby and the fat chicken, the viewer can envision the scene of a lush crop, chicken filled the yard of the farmer. The boy is hugging the chicken next to the daisy with the expectation of a glorious future. The picture has a simple layout, flexible lines and bright colors.Dong Ho Painting - Eminence and Prosperity

Vietnam Sand Painting – The New Wind of Vietnamese Artworks

Vietnamese Sand Painting and Art

In Vietnam, it has been about more than a decade since sand painting – a new type of art appeared but it showed a relentless advance through special works of sand painting made by Vietnamese artists.

What is sand painting?

Sand painting is known as the art of pouring colored sands and powdered pigments from crystals or mineral or pigments from other natural or synthetic sources onto a base of smooth sand to form a sand painting. There are two basic types of Vietnamese sand painting: fixed sand painting (traditional) and unfixed sand painting (modern).Vietnamese Sand Paintings

The origin of sand painting in Vietnam

In 2009 Ukraine’s Got Talent, Kseniya Simonova touched hearts of millions of viewers around the world with a clip of sand painting depicting the life of people in her country during World War II. Since then, sand painting has become popular and enthusiastically supported. In Vietnam, Tri Duc is considered the first artist to perform sand painting in the music show “Charming Vietnam Gala” and got a lot of publicity. Along with Tri Duc, other artists such as The Nhan, Phan Vu…are also well-known in the field of unfixed sand painting in Vietnam. Some famous works to be mentioned are Mother’s Diary, The Baby, A Father’s Love. These sand painting clips have received very high views and praises from the online community.

Classification of Sand Paintings in Vietnam

Sand painting is divided into two basic types: fixed sand painting and unfixed sand painting.

Fixed sand painting

Fixed sand painting is a type of sand art painting in which the artisan meticulously scatter sand into containers such as bottle, cup, glass, decanter, glass bottle..to create a complete work according to the theme set before.
The art of sand painting in Vietnam is considered easy to develop because we can get sand from various sources such as river, stream or sea. Currently, the number of sand types used for painting in our country can make up to about 81 colors. To complete a fixed sand painting may take more or less time depending on the craftsman’s skill or the content, detail of the work. In Vietnam, Y Lan, Phuong Vy, Quynh Vy are known as talented and pioneers in the development of fixed sand painting.Classification of Sand paintings in Vietnam

Unfixed sand painting

Unlike fixed sand painting, unfixed sand painting is the art in which the artist will perform in the stage. Also with raw material is sand, unfixed sand painting artists have combined with modern filmmaking tools such as widescreen, music and lighting to be set on stage. The tool to perform is very simple: just a lightbox (usually with glasses attached to the light) and the talent of the artist. With music, light, rhythm and drawing movement, the sandy frame change constantly to tell a complete visual story with the audience. It brings up a lot of feeling and emotion. Each performance lasts from 7 to 10 minutes with the script and theme arranged. In Vietnam, there have been some artists who make an impact in recent years such as Dang Tri Duc, Phan Anh Vu,…

Eternal development of Vietnam Sand Paintings

Recently, it is not difficult to see the art of sand painting in Vietnam has the eternal development in both genres. In the field of unfixed sand painting, Tri Duc is one of the most influential artists. He had many sand art shows that meet the public’s expectation. For example, Tri Duc was invited to perform in the play “The Ghost Soldier” of the playwright Nguyen Quang Vinh. He both painted and looked like a quietly old casuarina, as a witness for the happenings of the play. Moreover, Tri Duc also illustrated unfixed sand paintings for the documentary film “The No Number Train” with more than 100 delicate sand paintings.
On the other hand, Y Lan is known as the most famous fixed sand painting artist in Vietnam. She has started with this art since 2001 and is considered the pioneer of fixed sand painting in Vietnam. Up to now, Y Lan has made thousand of sand painting works with different types such as landscape, portrait, architecture, calligraphy…In particular, in 2005, Y Lan donated her works to heads of state at the APEC summit hosted by Vietnam. At that time, each of the leaders was given a picture of their portrait, which made them very surprised and delighted. For her contribution to the art of sand painting, in 2012, Y Lan has been recognized as the one who finds the most sand color in Vietnam by Vietnam Guinness Book of Records.Development of Vietnam Sand Paintings

Vietnamese Embroidery Art – Quintessence of Vietnamese Paintings

The History of Embroidery Art in Vietnam

In Vietnam, embroidered painting is considered as a long-standing handicraft. In the early 17th century, the embroidery marked the first turning point in the history of formation and development. Mr. Le Cong Hanh (1606 – 1961) learned this form of art from China. Then he combined experience and techniques of embroidery painting to popularize this art form to Vietnamese people. Embroidery products were made on fabric material with the creativity of Vietnamese artists. At that time, the threads were manually dyed with natural materials such as indigo, dioscorea, luscious,…Vietnamese Embroidery Art - Quintessence of Vietnamese Paintings

The great evolution of Vietnamese Embroidery Art

In the early 90s of the 20th century, the silk embroidery art has gradually reached the pinnacle of art due to the establishment of many embroidery companies. From serving only for the King or the aristocrat, embroidery has been widely used throughout the country. Originally, embroidery is the work for women but now it is also for man, as long as they have the passion. From time to time, there are always skillful and enthusiastic artisans in the way of embroidery throughout the country.Vietnamese Embroidery - Rural Scenery

Nowadays, with the richness and variety of the material (fabric, thread) and the creativity of the artisan, Vietnamese embroidery has increasingly asserted its position. An embroidered picture is made not merely about the needle but it also marks the ups and downs of time. Through an embroidered picture, the viewer can see the profound value that it brings: the rustic, simple beauty of the Vietnamese people, the cultural identity of the country or the enthusiasm of the artist. Some famous embroidered paintings are Portrait of Uncle Ho; A girl beside the loom; The mouse’s wedding…Rat Wedding Vietnam

Popular lines of Embroidery Paintings

There are two kinds of embroidery painting on the market today: Hand embroidery and Cross embroidery. Each kind has its own advantages and characteristics.

Hand Embroidery

Traditional hand embroidery can be made on any type of fabric: cotton, silk… After having the pattern, the artist has to transfer it to the fabric. This step is done entirely by hand, using a scanned paper needle pattern in combination with pastels and kerosene. Also, the pattern is adapted to the fabric with only the stroke but not the color as cross embroidery. With hand embroidery, the artisan has the chance to show their creativity with many different color codes of the thread, including raw thread, polished thread, silk thread,…These are bright and smooth threads so after finishing, the embroidered picture will be framed glass and hung up, which is very luxurious and outstanding.
Traditional hand embroidery requires a long process of training. Being able to master the skill of hand embroidery can take years, depending on the ability to learn, the patience, the creativity and even the gift of the artisan.Vietnamese Embroidery Art

Cross Embroidery

The fabric for cross embroidery is made of plastic. It is divided into equal – sized pieces, and the pattern with color is also printed on the fabric. This kind of embroidery is used mainly with the raw thread with more than 400 color codes of different shades. For needle, it is recommended to use the big one and not pointed because there are already holes between the cells on the fabric. To make a cross embroidered picture, the craftsman will embroider the cross sign interlaced with each other.
Cross embroidery is favored by the majority of women because its technique is quite simple and does not take too much time.Vietnamese Embroidery

History of Vietnamese Fine Art

Dong Ho Paintings

Vietnamese Fine Art has evolved over time, inextricably linked with the national culture and society. The masterpieces through historical periods have fairly reflected the features and characteristics of the country.

What is fine art?

Fine art is one of the art forms which is considered the creative art, especially visual art. It is created primarily for aesthetic and intellectual purposes and judged for its beauty and significance. Fine Art includes three main types: sculpture, painting and architecture.What is fine art

Vietnamese Ancient Art

There are 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam and each group has its own tradition and culture. The diversity of the ethnic group is reflected in many traditional and cultural Vietnamese treasures. These treasures consist of many distinct works of art discovered all over the country such as ceramic, sculpture, painting and casting made from clay, stone, bronze, steel, wood and paper. The preserved relics prove a long history of traditional fine arts of Vietnamese people. The picture carvings on the walls of the caves in Hoa Binh have a lifespan of almost 10000 years, a bronze ladle found in Hai Phong and bronze tools found in Thanh Hoa are from 4th century B.C.Artistic and Architectural Inspiration of Vietnam
Decorative objects made from metal, ceramic and stone from the first millennium B.C. through the seventeenth century, are the combination of unique Vietnamese features with the iconography and decorative motifs that resulted from cultural interaction. Objects from this period are divided into three groups: the early cultures of Dong Son in the north and Sa Huynh in central and southern Viet Nam, the trading cities of Fu Nan and the polities of Champa.Vietnamese Ancient Art

Vietnamese Modern Art

This is considered the first national, professional and scholarly painting, a painting that brings the spirit of the new era but still retains the traditional feature of the nation.Vietnamese Modern Art

Vietnamese Modern Art is divided into 3 periods:

The period from 1925-1945

In the Indochina, Vietnam oil painting more or less had its specificity with unique content reflected in some artistic masterpieces such as “Young Woman with a Lilies” (To Ngoc Van); “Playing Mandarin Square Capturing” (Nguyen Phan Chanh); “The spring garden of Nothern” (Nguyen Gia Tri). Vietnamese artists went through Classical school to realism and somehow approach modern school like Impressionism.To Ngoc Van - Vietnam Modern Art

The period from 1945-1975

The North entered the Resistance period, the Vietnamese oil painting has transformed the achievements of the previous time to the socialist trend. The remaining migrated to the South, merged with Gia Dinh Fine Arts College or University of Fine Arts Ho Chi Minh City now.
This period in the South – the old Saigon, famous artists from all over the country organized exhibition continuously, in Ty Culture (Tu Do), at the Viet American Association, with artists such as Nguyen Gia Tri, Van Den, Nguyen Sien, Ta Ta, Hieu De, Nguyen Thanh Thu. By the 1960s, a group of young Saigon painters was formed, including painters Nguyen Trung, Ho Duc Duc, Be Ky, Ho Huu Thu, Trinh Cung, etc.

This was the flourishing period of Modern schools: Impression, Cubism, Surrealism, Abstraction, etc. In this golden age, painters were very public and affectionate, especially in the middle class of doctors, engineers, civil servants, professors, etc. After each month’s salary, they often extracted money to collect paintings, statues.Nguyen Gia Tri Vietnam Modern Art

The period from 1975-1900

After the unification of the country, Saigon-Ho Chi Minh City had a number of painters from different sources of training: socialist countries such as Hungary, Poland, China and capitalist countries such as France, USA, Italy, Britain, Japan …
In the South, the society was constantly renovating and building a new society. Saigon people and local artists are too strange. Therefore, many painters gave up painting. The rest became timid because of changing social circumstances. During this period, there were almost no private exhibitions. There were only joint exhibitions organized by the City Art Association or the Vietnam Fine Arts Association yearly or every 5 years.

Vu Cao Dam – Talented Vietnamese Artist | Life & Career

Girl with flowers by VU Caop Dam

Vu Cao Dam who was an outstandingly talented artist in Contemporary Vietnamese Sculpture left the world great artworks. He was born in 1908 in Vietnam and died in 2000 in France. He had many valuable paintings and sculptures hunted at international auctions.

Full name: Vu Cao Dam
Born in 1908 in Vu Ban district, Nam Dinh province.
Died in 2000 in Paris.
Artistic Style: Sculpture, silk painting, oil painting.
Outstanding artworks: Portraits, Girl Combing Hair, Girl with flowers, Thuy Kieu – Kim Trong, Mother and Child, Maternity, White Horse, Come Back Home, Illusion.Vu Cao Dam and his peers at the Indochina Fine Art College

Vu Cao Dam was born in a revolutionary family; his elder brother was Doctor Vu Dinh Tung – Former Minister of Invalids; his younger brother was Pharmacist Vu Cong Thuyet – Former Deputy Minister of Heath of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Vu Cao Dam was a graduate of class 2 (class 1 of Department of Sculpture 1926-1931) of the Indochina Fine Arts College. Over the first period, he studied both painting and sculpture but he entirely concentrated on sculpture in his second school year. He said that: “Victor Tardieu (the first principal of the Indochina Fine Arts College) discovered my talent for sculpture and complimented on my father’s bust which I sculpted. Therefore, in the second school year, I fully concentrated on the sculpture that greatly interested me and I majored in portraiture afterward”.The Calvary by Vu Cao Dam

In 1931, Vu Cao Dam graduated from the Indochina Fine Arts College with excellent result. He won a scholarship to France to study and broaden his knowledge of visual arts at the Louvre Museum. After that, his friends (Le Pho, Mai Trung Thu and Le Thi Luu) also went to Paris and became erudite students of France – Vietnam University of Fine Arts (Paris).

In 1938, Vu Cao Dam married the French pianist Renee. During World War II (1939-1945), it was hard to sculpt a bust because when France was under German occupation, copper items were confiscated for weaponization and bronze casting was prohibited. Vu Cao Dam had to sculpt the busts with terracotta and then polished them (portraits of Poet Jean Tardieu (Victor Tardieu’s son) and his wife). Due to the difficulties, he decided to change portraiture for painting. He worked on silk painting and then oil painting. He chose oil painting on account of both his passion for knowledge and the inconvenience of preserving silk paintings. He said: “Silk paintings have limited size because the silk is covered by a pane of glass, hence, the painter cannot do a large painting.”The Buddha by Vu Cao Dam

When Vu Cao Dam lived in France, his artworks based on the harmony between the Eastern-Western concept and the theme of Vietnam marked a striking place in the international market. For example, in 1940, the French government bought 3 paintings from Vu Cao Dam including 2 silk paintings Portrait of Hanoian (1939), Annam’s woman (1939) and sculpture Indochina People which was displayed at André Diligent de Roubaix Museum. His paintings were strongly influenced by the art of Southern France – the heyday of Impressionism. Many of his sculptures were considered as the epitome of contemporary Vietnamese sculpture including 2 statues (Portrait and Girl Combing Hair) conserved at the Vietnam Fine Arts Museum. Many painters and architects created plaster editions of these statues and they could be seen at any classes in painting or sculpture. Being a sculpture, Vu Cao Dam learned a lot from the artworks of Rodin, Despiau, Giacometti, Picasso and Duchamp. He demonstrated his talent for executing busts. During the period between 1926 and 1931, he made plenty of sculptures such as Yong Woman’s Head (copper, 1927), Rural Girl (copper, 1927) and Vu Dinh Thi’s Bust (copper, 1927). Vu Cao Dam and Le Pho had paintings fetched high prices for a long time among the artists living abroad. Due to his artworks in the harmony between traditional Eastern arts and Western fine arts, he and other painters (Le Pho, Mai Trung Thu, Le Thi Luu) made significant contributions to strengthen Vietnamese artists’ position compared to overseas ones’.

In 1946, when President Ho Chi Minh visited France, Vu Cao Dan came to greet him and asked to mold his bust. In 1998, Vu Cao Dam’s family offered Ho Chi Minh Museum this artwork. 2 years later, Vu Cao Dam passed away. Perhaps he was serene as he fully expressed his patriotism before his death in a foreign country.Girl with flowers by VU Caop Dam

To Ngoc Van’s Conception About Art

From the first exhibition of To Ngoc Van in Sai Gon (17/12/1930) to the day when he passed away in Dien Bien Phu campaign (17/06/1954), his artistic life lasted for 24 years with 2 phases of composition 1930-1945 (before the August Revolution) and 1945-1954 (the war against France). In fact, the social history had had a great impact on his career. If the art reflects the changes in social relations, the work of Ngoc Van partially demonstrate such thing.

Indochina Fine Arts College was established in winter 1925 with the first artist generation such as Le Pho, Mai Trung Thu, Le Van De, Nguyen Phan Chanh, Cong Van Trung and Georges Khanh.To Ngoc Van was the second artist generation had learnt in this college. He had had chance to be taught by French teachers, learned artistic technique such as history about the art of cubes, the application of natural colours in order to create renowned pictures afterward. Artist Tran Binh Loc wrote: “In terms of artistic field, To Ngoc Van career is worth being appreciated because he had a good vision, a quality that not all the artist did”. From the beginning he did not accept the aesthetic ideal of Greece and Italian arts with cold shades of gray, respect for the symmetry, graphics glitches in the classic contour. He had discovered and asserted itself to find beauty, harmony between man and nature.

To Ngoc Van Artist
To Ngoc Van Artist

Graduated in 1931, To Ngoc Van had collaborated with some newspaper such as Phong Hoa, Ngay Nay, Thanh nghi. Under his pen name To Tu, Ai My, he had written and painted many works on those newspapers till 1945. If Nguyen Do Cung was a talented artist, an archeologist, To Ngoc Van had completed his mission on opening a new aesthetic pratice, a sharp art critic with his new conception about art in general.

Derived from the concept “the beauty in the picture is not the beauty in reality”, period 1930-1945, To Ngoc Van’s art style had been followed the Western art tendencies but was appropriate for Vietnamese society in 1930s, the last years of campaign bourgeois revolution. French army on the one hand suppressed revolutions; on the other hand they seduced Vietnamese people to play the whore. Tu Luc Van Doan group had issued a manifesto that criticized the patriarchal behaviours of Vietnamese people. In these years, To Ngoc Van was in harmony with Tu Luc Van Doan group, he ascertained that his art style was in the same situation with intelligentsia’s one. Many of his art works in the newspapers such as landscape, Hanoian women expressed his artistic conception about shape, material, color, natural lights.

tranh-son-dau-to-ngoc-van

At this time, similar to the artistic esthete of To Ngoc Van, Nguyen Do Cung had depicted a beauty through narrative “Live and Draw” that was issued in Xuan Thu Nha Tap Journal in 1942. This was a big journal issued many topics such as literature, poem and painting and created by Nguyen Luong Ngoc. Established in 1942, this group had their own art tendency, manifesto, poem that followed “hermétique” style. Nguyen Do Cung’s work “Live and Draw” was based on To Ngoc Van’s conception about art. His conception accepted that art is a means of expressing emotion rather than a research about ideal model of beauty. It also confirmed that art must evaluate the human’s value and emotion. He wrote: “I think that a beautifull picture describes my feeling. Therefore, I only believe that a man with full of emotion will become a famous artist”.

All of his works in the period 1930-1945 had demonstrated his conception about art that expressed his personal feeling with gorgeous tone of colour. Although mainly exposed with classical art, French impression under the guidance of professor Victor Tardieu, Inguimberty, he realized the fribolity of French impression that ignores the human’s emotion. Artist Tran Van Can said “To Ngoc Van had graduated in 1931. It was easy to spot the Gauguin’s influence in picture “Offrande” and Acgianta’s influence on the work “Cadeau de Noce” or Japanese art in work “two shepherd children”.

Thanh Nghi newspaper number 87, 12/10/1944 made a comment about art exhibition in 1944: “Along with warm yellow tone of colour of some artists is oil pain with bright cold shade of colour of To Ngoc Van- an artist always loves his life. Under his eyes, gloomy scene has something happy inside”. In fact, in terms of To Ngoc Van conception about art, colour is the soul of a work no matter what material it is and artist is the one who control the emotion to find the inner beauty to express the sophistication of life”. Picasso said: “ I do not find but I see”. We can see that To Ngoc Van’s artistic conception was quite similar to Picasso’s conception.

Artist Nguyen Tu Nghiem passed away

According to an announcement of Vietnam Fine Arts Association, Nguyen Tu Nghiem, a veteran Vietnamese artist passed away, at the age of 94, on 15th June 2016. The artist was born in Nghe An province, located in the center of Vietnam and graduated from Indochina Fine Arts College (1941-1946). He was famous for painting lacquer, oil paint and pigments.
artist-Nguyen-Tu-Nghiem
He used to teach in Hanoi Fine Arts University in the period from 1959 to 1960. He also worked as a lecture in Hanoi Industrial Fine Arts University, a member of the first Executive Committee of the Vietnam Fine Arts Association (1957- 1983) and an artist of ‘ composing group’ of Vietnam Fine Arts Association . Earlier in the war in Indochina, he was responsible for lecturing arts on the Viet Bac Revolutionary Base.
The artist was awarded the Ho Chi Minh Prize in Literature and Arts in 1996 and known as one of the most creative painters who pioneered to experiment new materials for lacquer painting in Vienam. Nghiem was also successful with oil painting on canvas and water color. He is regarded as one of the four greatest painters in 20th century Vietnam along with Bui Xuan Phai(1920-1988), Duong Bich Lien (1924-1988) and Nguyen Sang (1923-1988).

“ Handshake” Art Exhibition

Handshake-Art-Exhibition

Open: 4th– 12th, March 2016

Location: Ho Chi Minh City Museum of Fine Arts

Art Exhibition “Handshake” collects more than 80 works by 16 artists, including 6 Russian artists.

On 3rd March, the opening event of the 5th Art Exhibition Vietnam – Russia Handshake is held in Ho Chi Minh City Fine Arts Museum. This year, the organizers send invitation to artists from the South Central Provinces, Central Highlands, Ho Chi Minh City and Russian artists in the city of Magadan, Khabarovsk, Vladivostok.

This is an annual exchange activity between the two countries’ artists, initiated by Prof. Dr. Olga Zotova – Faculty of Journalism and Publishing, Far Eastern Federal University in Russia and Bui Van Quang – the manager of Vietnam Fine arts Association in Khanh Hoa.

According to Bui Van Quang, this is the exhibition with the largest number of participants. Mr Quang said that the subjects of Russian artists in this exhibition are mainly landscapes, realism. The participants are very famous.

The painters exchange the art and culture of the two countries in the outdoor painting sessions at the fishing village, the small islands of Nha Trang and Vladivostok. They are introduced traditional food, music programs and some rural traditions locally.

 

 

Vietnam Transportation

Vietnam Travel by rickshaw

Travelling Vietnam now is freaking easy and convenient. Tourists see a wide selection to go around Vietnam such as planes, public vehicles or private cars. Below is the basic transportation in brief that may be informative for you to your Vietnam vacation easier.

Getting to Vietnam
By flight
Vietnam is the destination that flights via a lot of countries in the area and in the world. Three international airports are set in three biggest cities including Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi and Danang; therein, Noi Bai International Airport in Hanoi and Tan Son Nhat International Airport handle the most international flights in total.
Especially, traveling between nearby tourist countries like LaosCambodia (included in Indochina tour itineraries) or Myanmar get so simple and easy as they are well and fast connected with planes.Getting Vietnam by Air

By Bus
There is a bus route running from Nanning, China to Hanoi everyday that takes about eight hours.
Getting Around Vietnam

By Flight
Domestic airlines such as Vietnam Airlines, Vietjet Air, Jetstar Pacific, and Air Mekong offer inexpensive flights which are worth a glance when you think of coming around Vietnam. Lots of flights occur in a day that may help you save your minutes to relish more landscapes than burn the time on transferring.
Besides, international brands as Air Asia, Korean Air, Thai Airways, and China Airlines…are also available.

By Train

No hard to travel from China to Vietnam by train which migrates from Beijing every Monday and Friday and reaches in Hanoi on Wednesday and Sunday.
Railways may help save a little budget compared to planes, but it is definitely not for those who look for comfortable transportation. The stuffy atmosphere and sometimes stink might make you feel unpleased.
There is a railway running along Vietnam and pretty much stopping at many provinces including tourist cities as Hanoi, Danang, Hoi An, and Ho Chi Minh City…
However, its plus is that you can sit enjoying the view outside the window along the way.

Vietnam travel by train

By Taxi
Vietnamese taxi drivers rarely speak English well; consequently, they usually don’t understand your address you want. So, getting lost is a common thing. Bringing a map with you may help.

By Auto Rickshaw
Auto rickshaw is often liked by foreign tourists in city tours for a Vietnam slow real taste which provides them a closer view of small narrow like the ones in Hanoi Old Quarters.
There are also other familiar options like trishaw, bicycle, motorcycle, vespa, even ox-cart in some rural villages when visiting Mekong Delta attractions.Vietnam Travel by rickshaw

Lacquer painting exhibition: “Uncle Ho with Thai Nguyen “

Lacquer painting exhibition: “Uncle Ho with Thai Nguyen “

Opening: 16th February, 2016
Location: Historical and ecological site ATK, Dinh Hoa, Thai Nguyen

The exhibition will display 115 pictures and lacquer on wood paintings to introduce the activities of President Ho Chi Minh in the safe zone ATK Viet Bac- Thai Nguyen in the Anti- French Resistance War, showing the great respect of the party, authority and residents in Thai Nguyen to Uncle Ho in the period of 1954- 1964.

In addition, a number of pictures about the people as well as the beauty of the land Thai Nguyen and other activities of the 18th National congress of the Communist Party will also be shown in this exhibition.
Thanks to the skillfulness and talent of the artists, the works have been shown in a harmonized manner from the magic beauty to the emotional depth.

The exhibition will gives people a chance to enhance their knowledge about the time when Uncle lived and worked in Thai Nguyen, and reaffirm the strategic vision of the Central Party, the Government and President Ho when choosing Thai Nguyen as a safe zone for the war period.

Also, this activity will make a great contribution to educate cadres, people, especially the youth the patriotism and revolution today. The exhibition will last until 17th February.